On our General Public Article Database, You can find clear and easy-to-understand content with infographics and what to expect in the health care journey.

On our Professional Content Database, find specialized content with links to cases and current guidelines. 

Angelman Syndrome

Author: Christine Ma Editor: Leah Farquharson   Overview Angelman Syndrome (AS) is a rare neurological disorder with varying subtypes (Madaan & Mendez, 2021). Angelman Syndrome has many symptoms including difficulty

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fidget spinner toys are said to help ADHD patients
Professional Content

Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD)

Author Alyson Hait Editor: Anna Chou   Overview Attention-Deficit/Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is a common diagnostic label for individuals suffering from attention deficit, excessive activity levels and impulsivity (Barkley, 2015). At

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Angelman Syndrome

Author: Christine Ma Editor: Leah Farquharson   Overview Angelman Syndrome (AS) is a rare neurological disorder that affects 1 in every 12,000 to 20,000 live births (Madaan & Mendez, 2021).

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Rett Syndrome

Author: Shayan Mackie Editor: Leah Farquharson Overview Rett syndrome (RTT) is a rare (1:10,000) genetic neurological disorder (Cianfaglione et al., 2015). As a developmental disorder affecting the brain, RTT has

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black and white illustration of conjoined twins
General Public Content

Conjoined Twins

Conjoined twins, also known as Siamese twins, is a rare condition where genetically identical twins fuse during fertilization (Mian et al., 2017). Fusing causes twins to be born physically connected, where multiple different physical attachment sites remain after birth (Mian et al., 2017).

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Ultrasound image of conjoined twins attached at the thorax.
Professional Content

Conjoined Twins

Conjoined twins, also known as Siamese twins, is a rare condition where genetically identical monoamniotic and monochorionic twins fuse during fertilization in the uterus (Mian et al., 2017). This rare condition occurs in 1 out of 50,000-100,000 live births, with a range of 40-60% being stillborn, 35% surviving for 24 hours, and an overall survival rate of 18% (Kapoor et al., 2012). Conjoined twins are classified based on physical attachment after birth (Mian et al., 2017). 

The first ever successful conjoined twin separation was in 1953 with pygopagus twins (Carlson et al., 2018). Since then, conjoined twin separation has become more common, with a survival rate of 64% among 167 cases (Carlson et al., 2018). The classifications with the highest mortality are seen in thoracopagus and craniopagus twins with around 51% mortality, while pygopagus and ischiopagus have the lowest mortality rate of around 23% and 19% (Carlson et al., 2018).

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General Public Content

Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is a form of visual impairment where there is a decrease in vision resulting from abnormal visual development in infancy to early childhood (Blair et al., 2020). Amblyopia ranges from mild vision loss (20/25) to legal blindness (20/200 and worse); the brain focuses on one eye more than the other and hence leads to its blindness unless the child or young adult receives proper treatment (Chen & Cotter, 2016). Amblyopia may be extremely dangerous since it involves eye symptoms that are hard to detect during infancy (Holmes & Clarke, 2006). 

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Professional Content

Amblyopia

Amblyopia, also known as lazy eye, is a form of visual impairment where there is a decrease in vision resulting from abnormal visual development in infancy to early childhood (Blair et al., 2020). Amblyopia ranges from mild vision loss (20/25) to legal blindness (20/200 and worse); the brain focuses on one eye more than the other and hence leads to its blindness unless the child or young adult receives proper treatment (Chen & Cotter, 2016). Amblyopia may be extremely dangerous since it involves eye symptoms that are hard to detect during infancy (Holmes & Clarke, 2006). 

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