Xerostomia

Author: Victoria Lun Editors: Simran Grewal, Jarshini Nanthakumar, Dina Abbas   Overview Xerostomia (also known as dry mouth) is a condition associated with hyposalivation – a measurement of reduced salivary flow (Kunin et al., 2018). Saliva is an important component of the mouth as salivary secretions are vital in many functions including immune defense, lubrication […]

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD)

Author: Kayla Romero Editor: Nicole Nwosu, Rebecca Ting, Dina Abbas Overview Coronary Artery Disease (CAD),  also known as Coronary Heart Disease (CHD), is one of the leading causes of mobility and mortality worldwide (Khera, 2017). Characterized by the development of atherosclerosis plaque formation in coronary arteries, CAD affects blood flow in the large arteries on […]

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections

MRSA colonies in chains attached to an epithelial cell.

Author: Helia Mansouri Dana Editor: Leslie Pineda   Overview  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus infections constitute a wide variety of infections in the body caused by the antibiotic-resistant form of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus), normally found in the flora of the nasal cavities (Lee et al., 2018). Specific strains of S. aureus have acquired the […]

Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) Infections

Author: Helia Mansouri Dana Editor: Leslie Pineda Overview  Methicillin-resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) infections are caused by the antibiotic-resistant form of the bacterium Staphylococcus aureus (S. aureus) (Lee et al., 2018). Specific strains of the S. aureus have bacteria acquired antibiotic-resistant genes that have made them resistant to treatment, such as antibiotics (Katayama et al., 2000). MRSA infections […]

Coronary Microvascular Disease (CMD)

Authors: Kayla Romero, Claire Tian Revised: Dina Abbas, Helia Mansouri Dana Overview Characterized by the narrowing of the coronary microcirculation, Coronary Microvascular Disease (CMD) is prevalent in patients with cardiovascular risk factors and atherosclerosis (Camici et al, 2014). Studies have shown that 60% of patients who undergo coronary angiography that do not exhibit significant stenosis […]

COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus)

SARS-CoV-2 viral particles of COVID-19

Author: Rebecca Ting Editors: Nicole Nwosu, Dina Abbas, Helia Mansouri Dana   Overview The novel coronavirus  (COVID-19) is part of the large family of coronaviruses, is caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus (SARS-CoV-2), and is typically found within animals (BCCDC, 2020).  This virus emerges from its natural host to humans, causing respiratory-related illness, such as […]

COVID-19 (SARS-CoV-2 Coronavirus)

illustration of covid-19 virus

Author: Claire Tian Editor: Rebecca Ting Revised: Dina Abbas, Helia Mansouri Dana   Overview The SARS-CoV-2 coronavirus is a newly emerged viral strain that has been responsible for the notorious pandemic, causing the disease referred to as COVID-19 (Wang, Zhao, Gao, et al., 2020). COVID-19 and the associated hassles it entails such as physical distancing […]

Mouth Cancer

Author: Victoria Lun Editors: Simran Grewal and Jarshini Nanthakumar Overview Mouth cancer (also known as oral cancer) arises in  oral regions and is characterized as a form of head and neck cancer (Minić and Pejčić, 2018; Rivera, 2015). The most prevalent form  of mouth cancer is squamous cell carcinoma (Rivera, 2015). Patients in the advanced […]

Congestive Heart Failure

cpr training is needed for treating congestive heart failure

Author: Vanessa Mora Editor: Prachi Patel   Overview  Congestive Heart Failure (CHF) occurs when the heart is not efficiently pumping blood throughout the body, leading to inadequate blood flow to vital organs (Malik et al., 2021). As a result, the kidneys filter less fluid, causing fluid retention in the abdomen, ankles, feet, liver, and lungs […]

Angelman Syndrome

Author: Christine Ma Editor: Leah Farquharson   Overview Angelman Syndrome (AS) is a rare neurological disorder with varying subtypes (Madaan & Mendez, 2021). Angelman Syndrome has many symptoms including difficulty sleeping, movement disorders, seizures, cognitive disability, and speech impairment (Margolis et al., 2015). Angelman Syndrome may be difficult to diagnose in some individuals due to the […]